Kernel Update for SUSE Linux
Posted on: 01/21/2005 11:17 AM

A new kernel is available for SUSE Linux ______________________________________________________________________________ SUSE Security Announcement Package: kernel Announcement-ID: SUSE-SA:2005:003 Date: Friday, Jan 21st 2005 16:00 MET Affected products: 8.1, 8.2, 9.0, 9.1, 9.2 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 8, 9 SUSE Linux Desktop 1.0 Novell Linux Desktop 9 Vulnerability Type: local privilege escalation Severity (1-10): 7 SUSE default package: yes Cross References: CAN-2004-1235 CAN-2005-0001 Content of this advisory: 1) security vulnerability resolved: - local privilege escalation - local denial of service attacks problem description 2) solution/workaround 3) special instructions and notes 4) package location and checksums 5) pending vulnerabilities, solutions, workarounds: - see summary report 6) standard appendix (further information)

______________________________________________________________________________ 1) problem description, brief discussion Several exploitable security problems were identified and fixed in the Linux kernel, the core of every SUSE Linux product. - Due to missing locking in the sys_uselib system call a local attacker can gain root access. This was found by Paul Starzetz and is tracked by the Mitre CVE ID CAN-2004-1235. - Paul Starzetz also found a race condition in SMP page table handling which could lead to a local attacker gaining root access on SMP machines. This is tracked by the Mitre CVE ID CAN-2005-0001. - A local denial of service was found in the auditing subsystem which have lead a local attacker crashing the machine. This was reported and fixed by Redhat. - The sendmsg / cmsg fix from the previous kernel update was faulty on 64bit systems with 32bit compatibility layer and could lead to 32bit applications not working correctly on those 64bit systems. - The smbfs security fixes from a before-previous kernel update were faulty for some file write cases. - A local denial of service with Direct I/O access to NFS file systems could lead a local attacker to crash a machine with NFS mounts. - grsecurity reported a signed integer problem in the SCSI ioctl handling which had a missing boundary check. Due to C language specifics, this evaluation was not correct and there actually is no problem in this code. The signed / unsigned mismatch was fixed nevertheless. - Several more small non security problems were fixed. NOTE: Two days ago we released the Service Pack 1 for the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9. This kernel update contains fixes for the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 GA version kernel line. A fix for the Service Pack 1 version line will be available shortly. 2) solution/workaround There is no workaround. Please install the provided update packages. 3) special instructions and notes SPECIAL INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS: ============================= The following paragraphs will guide you through the installation process in a step-by-step fashion. The character sequence "****" marks the beginning of a new paragraph. In some cases, the steps outlined in a particular paragraph may or may not be applicable to your situation. Therefore, please make sure to read through all of the steps below before attempting any of these procedures. All of the commands that need to be executed are required to be run as the superuser (root). Each step relies on the steps before it to complete successfully. **** Step 1: Determine the needed kernel type Please use the following command to find the kernel type that is installed on your system: rpm -qf /boot/vmlinuz Following are the possible kernel types (disregard the version and build number following the name separated by the "-" character) k_deflt # default kernel, good for most systems. k_i386 # kernel for older processors and chip sets k_athlon # kernel made specifically for AMD Athlon(tm) family processors k_psmp # kernel for Pentium-I dual processor systems k_smp # kernel for SMP systems (Pentium-II and above) k_smp4G # kernel for SMP systems which supports a maximum of 4G of RAM kernel-64k-pagesize kernel-bigsmp kernel-default kernel-smp **** Step 2: Download the package for your system Please download the kernel RPM package for your distribution with the name as indicated by Step 1. The list of all kernel rpm packages is appended below. Note: The kernel-source package does not contain a binary kernel in bootable form. Instead, it contains the sources that the binary kernel rpm packages are created from. It can be used by administrators who have decided to build their own kernel. Since the kernel-source.rpm is an installable (compiled) package that contains sources for the linux kernel, it is not the source RPM for the kernel RPM binary packages. The kernel RPM binary packages for the distributions can be found at the locations below 8.1/rpm/i586 8.2/rpm/i586 9.0/rpm/i586 9.1/rpm/i586 9.2/rpm/i586 After downloading the kernel RPM package for your system, you should verify the authenticity of the kernel rpm package using the methods as listed in section 3) of each SUSE Security Announcement. **** Step 3: Installing your kernel rpm package Install the rpm package that you have downloaded in Steps 3 or 4 with the command rpm -Uhv --nodeps --force <K_FILE.RPM> where <K_FILE.RPM> is the name of the rpm package that you downloaded. Warning: After performing this step, your system will likely not be able to boot if the following steps have not been fully followed. If you run SUSE LINUX 8.1 and haven't applied the kernel update (SUSE-SA:2003:034), AND you are using the freeswan package, you also need to update the freeswan rpm as a dependency as offered by YOU (YaST Online Update). The package can be downloaded from **** Step 4: configuring and creating the initrd The initrd is a ramdisk that is loaded into the memory of your system together with the kernel boot image by the bootloader. The kernel uses the content of this ramdisk to execute commands that must be run before the kernel can mount its actual root filesystem. It is usually used to initialize SCSI drivers or NIC drivers for diskless operation. The variable INITRD_MODULES in /etc/sysconfig/kernel determines which kernel modules will be loaded in the initrd before the kernel has mounted its actual root filesystem. The variable should contain your SCSI adapter (if any) or filesystem driver modules. With the installation of the new kernel, the initrd has to be re-packed with the update kernel modules. Please run the command mk_initrd as root to create a new init ramdisk (initrd) for your system. On SuSE Linux 8.1 and later, this is done automatically when the RPM is installed. **** Step 5: bootloader If you run a SUSE LINUX 8.x, SLES8, or SUSE LINUX 9.x system, there are two options: Depending on your software configuration, you have either the lilo bootloader or the grub bootloader installed and initialized on your system. The grub bootloader does not require any further actions to be performed after the new kernel images have been moved in place by the rpm Update command. If you have a lilo bootloader installed and initialized, then the lilo program must be run as root. Use the command grep LOADER_TYPE /etc/sysconfig/bootloader to find out which boot loader is configured. If it is lilo, then you must run the lilo command as root. If grub is listed, then your system does not require any bootloader initialization. Warning: An improperly installed bootloader may render your system unbootable. **** Step 6: reboot If all of the steps above have been successfully completed on your system, then the new kernel including the kernel modules and the initrd should be ready to boot. The system needs to be rebooted for the changes to become active. Please make sure that all steps have completed, then reboot using the command shutdown -r now or init 6 Your system should now shut down and reboot with the new kernel. 4) package location and checksums Please download the update package for your distribution and verify its integrity by the methods listed in section 3) of this announcement. Then, install the package using the command "rpm -Fhv file.rpm" to apply the update. Our maintenance customers are being notified individually. The packages are being offered to install from the maintenance web. x86 Platform: SUSE Linux 9.2: e335f4e401034f79bce9bcef3b6c19e0 848b85f02abd3d2877b04f10aa875689 f103cd395e9d6e4418cb8cf91c09147d 374dc207a2b3e81e04cdad2e3d6c0333 379085daf7dc1e1df0ce5c246c26caf4 source rpm(s): bbfdc289c2d1f1a73ac6fa759ecfaf87 c999bd4ff601c34edc6322fc43caf1a5 9539d6093144fbbd066681f61c9aa07d eeeebf4ea4942f6093b56f7a3d7a7de3 93953b908c54f19d4d30816b4eae2dc9 SUSE Linux 9.1: b84574947de5c47a2bcca43525e1fc4d 5346f03accd80530ef1dd870a069dc11 dba08e4e49dbf1f32988152956448ab3 231eb3350db6a02b621731790f3b6d37 source rpm(s): 8cd984fa2f4607ff75b0ff79a82090e0 a64279aae3382a1647f594e59ea321fe 653925384a7e887fb59b58a432a86968 f01bbb3541bb8197c36757c9ac554ba9 SUSE Linux 9.0: c577564f2588a0f23b2bdf6c53622c88 e1826b653a6dc121bc09af292469ca60 4f6f2c3181e9ffa3665b078b56263b5f 93d0f1ac7d07d8965fd995755ced96d8 dc55afa79f48b332802fcf8c957f4fb1 aafbe34c9623ed1558cba1334d9cefb2 source rpm(s): 23d2ec2beb60fe87971679ffcd7aa43b d4570f75c0706913ab28ab591669a09f 5c9f06dab451c493ea3805c7c25b5e0e 4f9d9932f848a81681d97b2121b95cfc 595c9d12751dc3ed7911a0c839aa3798 3d2030e1fe01309363a62269544d4ecf SUSE Linux 8.2: 5929f89029262db0f26f7839cae0144c 1287e9445cf09947056f8330fad24417 9e69c44a2d13d57388272f1991e2c549 345fdb85a6e39f15cd37cecafc8af4c5 0964a18c464c9fd905b8c1efa2cd5ba1 source rpm(s): 38e1780995f9b8463bb80d8337e9447a 449c13bd8b922c45233df240bb4b02ad 05ab0427675e9aba88460e016dbbd601 86c6b0ae5616e0a72396fb19b3fbf172 eb488e7c3169936131ff6bac76862fb4 SUSE Linux 8.1: d2c2fae409431dc9380b1e230359ed56 503e57660b3b5f6c1eadf60a54e90508 2c5a8cb80db649a50fc64a6a37dd0230 14b2e9a7783986b9293f0561729a5216 36930ea9a97e420b67137143bc3fbd06 source rpm(s): 70862f0bae01c0003b3cd48c9161c137 ef2e870d10237d85d3be66a12371cfe2 87551521c8e569351d47d9c0e097550b 5062c220dd0ebe012e9f2f71137458ea f6e881395e1d069e2dee910cdb311964 x86-64 Platform: SUSE Linux 9.2: d8d5dfd431c9b989195f94d3d3c1ea64 3a16e2109a1dbf177500430213e45b69 51213878a7116455b9443688d0b39aa0 source rpm(s): bbfdc289c2d1f1a73ac6fa759ecfaf87 9539d6093144fbbd066681f61c9aa07d eeeebf4ea4942f6093b56f7a3d7a7de3 SUSE Linux 9.1: 44996d9e1da1df537cb1b2100553d2af 11ad693478569dd691d237679328bd1b deaeb48a6815587535b1adddf68131ef source rpm(s): fdef7eaed76e07a85ebbba9323b64f8d 3605a6f50f0d799c73849cb382d786ac d0410d0e5c32cd44bae3da7b42cac23a SUSE Linux 9.0: ed6c099957a83fc87abd74e3549e9799 18226b51d911e09cd83657c99dd4506f 0489274cc30666eeec2be0127a669530 source rpm(s): 792149722a14f021aa095ec4fcc33976 9279c9a0613473a71057e76ab4b5a0e5 3bbd006852b9b8aab8a2868d922451d5 ______________________________________________________________________________ 5) pending vulnerabilities in SUSE Distributions and Workarounds: Please refer to our SUSE Security Summary report. ______________________________________________________________________________ 6) standard appendix: authenticity verification, additional information - Package authenticity verification: SUSE update packages are available on many mirror ftp servers all over the world. While this service is being considered valuable and important to the free and open source software community, many users wish to be sure about the origin of the package and its content before installing the package. There are two verification methods that can be used independently from each other to prove the authenticity of a downloaded file or rpm package: 1) md5sums as provided in the (cryptographically signed) announcement. 2) using the internal gpg signatures of the rpm package. 1) execute the command md5sum <name-of-the-file.rpm> after you downloaded the file from a SUSE ftp server or its mirrors. Then, compare the resulting md5sum with the one that is listed in the announcement. Since the announcement containing the checksums is cryptographically signed (usually using the key, the checksums show proof of the authenticity of the package. We disrecommend to subscribe to security lists which cause the email message containing the announcement to be modified so that the signature does not match after transport through the mailing list software. Downsides: You must be able to verify the authenticity of the announcement in the first place. If RPM packages are being rebuilt and a new version of a package is published on the ftp server, all md5 sums for the files are useless. 2) rpm package signatures provide an easy way to verify the authenticity of an rpm package. Use the command rpm -v --checksig <file.rpm> to verify the signature of the package, where <file.rpm> is the filename of the rpm package that you have downloaded. Of course, package authenticity verification can only target an un-installed rpm package file. Prerequisites: a) gpg is installed b) The package is signed using a certain key. The public part of this key must be installed by the gpg program in the directory ~/.gnupg/ under the user's home directory who performs the signature verification (usually root). You can import the key that is used by SUSE in rpm packages for SUSE Linux by saving this announcement to a file ("announcement.txt") and running the command (do "su -" to be root): gpg --batch; gpg < announcement.txt | gpg --import SUSE Linux distributions version 7.1 and thereafter install the key "" upon installation or upgrade, provided that the package gpg is installed. The file containing the public key is placed at the top-level directory of the first CD (pubring.gpg) and at . - SUSE runs two security mailing lists to which any interested party may subscribe: - general/linux/SUSE security discussion. All SUSE security announcements are sent to this list. To subscribe, send an email to <>. - SUSE's announce-only mailing list. Only SUSE's security announcements are sent to this list. To subscribe, send an email to <>. For general information or the frequently asked questions (faq) send mail to: <> or <> respectively. ==================================================================== SUSE's security contact is <> or <>. The <> public key is listed below. ==================================================================== ______________________________________________________________________________ The information in this advisory may be distributed or reproduced, provided that the advisory is not modified in any way. In particular, it is desired that the clear-text signature shows proof of the authenticity of the text. SUSE Linux AG makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever with respect to the information contained in this security advisory. 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